Definition of terroir
The Champenois terroir
The viticultural terroir is a concept that refers to a space on which a collective knowledge of the interactions between an identifiable physical and biological environment and applied vitivinicultural practices, which confer distinctive characteristics to products originating from this space, develops
- 33 868 hectares.
- 15 800
- Big house
- Dominant grape varieties
- 39 % pinot noir, 32 % pinot meunier, 29 % chardonnay.
Harvest (in equivalent bottles)
295 million bottles
Yield = 10 060 Kg / hectare
307 313 583 Bottles
Top ten external markets (in bottles)
The characteristic of the Champagne terroir also lies in its basement. Its mostly limestone composition gives the vine a constant natural irrigation.
The terroir of Champagne is distinguished from other soils by its geo-graphical situation on a northern latitude and by its dual climatic, oceanic and continental influence.
The grape varieties
Pinot noir (black grapes), suckers (black grapes) and chardonnay (white grapes) are today largely in the majority. small meslier, pinot blanc and pinot gris also allowed.
Originally, the heart of the vineyard Hostomme is located in Chouilly, renowned village and classified Grand Cru in the Côte des Blancs. It is on these lands that the Chardonnay reigns supreme, which accounts for 60% of the vines. Then come the Meunier (37%) then Pinot Noir, Petit Meslier and Pinot Blanc which complete the remaining 3%.